Track: Good Weather: Fine Race 1 1100 M (Purse $720,000) 3-Y-O & UP CLM($450,0-$400,0)/NB5YO&UP(NW5) CARL ANDERSON 1. #1 LADY JAELA AntThomas 53.0 $150.00 $79.00 *2. #6 YOLOVE CMamdeen3 52.0 3-1/2L $62.00 3. #4 BLUE MOON TFoster4 51.0 2-1/4L $83.00 4. #5 VIJEETA RLewis4 51.0 5L Late scratch : #8 DR. BANNER Final Time : 1:06.2 Splits : 23.0, 46.0 Winner : 4yo ch filly – TAQARUB – OUR MISS RUTH Trainer : RYAN DARBY Owner : RAPHAEL GORDON Bred by VINCENT ATKINSON Qu: $195.00 Ex: $429.00 Tri: $375.00 Superfecta: $668.00 Race 2 1500 M (Purse $660,000) 3-Y-O & UP CLM($250,0-$210,0)/NB5YO&UP(NW3)&6YO &UP(NW4) DENNIS PRYCE *1. #3 UNBREAKABLE DCardenas 52.0 $59.00 $53.00 2. #5 SUPREME AUTHORITY OSimpson 52.0 11L $161.00 3. #2 SMASHING ONE DSatchell4 49.0 3/4L $104.00 4. #1 RED DREAD CMamdeen3 49.0 8-1/2L Final Time : 1:34.4 Splits : 24.0, 47.2, 1:13.0 Winner : 7yo ch gelding – TRADITIONAL – ONEMOREFASHION Trainer : ANTHONY NUNES Owner : STEPHAN NARINESINGH Bred by HAM STABLES LTD. Qu: $1,329.00 Ex: $1,554.00 D/E: $196.00 Tri : $1,003.00 Race 3 1200 M (Purse $1,000,000) 3-Y-O & UP OVERNIGHT ALLOWANCE (NW OF AN OVERNIGHT) WAYNE DACOSTA O.D *1. #7 PRINCESS EMANUELLE AChatrie 57.0 $158.00 $53.00 2. #1 STORMING AJAllen4 50.0 dead heat $84.00 2. #8 DANCING QUEEN DaneNelson 55.0 dead heat $51.00 4. #4 BRUCE WAYNE RRoman4 53.0 1-1/4L Late scratch : #3 BIBLICAL LEGEND Final Time : 1:12.1 Splits : 22.3, 45.3 Winner : 5yo ch mare – TRADITIONAL – EXPLOSIVE PEAK Trainer : PETER MCMASTER Owner : MISS SUCKIE Bred by ELAINE MCMASTER Qu: $2,024.00 (7,8) $73.00 Ex: $5,519.00 (7-8) $175.00 D/E: $213.00 Tri: $20,950.00 (7-8-1) $8,280.00 Superfecta: $5,367.00 (7-8-1-4) $1,342.00 Rolling Triple: $839.00 Race 4 1300 M (Purse $600,000) 3-Y-O & UP CLM($180,0)/NB5YO(NW2) &6YO&UP(NW3) ROBERT ‘CLAIMING KING’ DARBY (SNR) 1. #5 CONCUR TFoster4 52.0 $139.00 $62.00 *2. #6 ALSO CORRECT RRoman4 51.0 3-1/4L $63.00 3. #3 VISION OF GOLD SRichardson4 53.0 1-1/2L $153.00 4. #9 PRINCESS STATISTIC RLewis4 49.5 1-1/4L 5. #14 RAWALPINDI EXPRESS PParchment 54.0 6-1/4L Final Time : 1:23.0 Splits : 24.0, 48.1, 1:14.3 Winner : 7yo gelding – WAR MARSHALL – SLIM TING Trainer : STEVEN TODD Owner : PATRICK HALL Bred by PAUL GRIFFITHS Qu: $137.00 Ex: $260.00 D/E: $568.00 Tri: $438.00 Superfecta: $3,295.00 Hi-5: $39,778.00 Rolling Triple: $520.00 STEWARDS’ CUP Race 5 1000 M (R) (Purse $900,000) NB2-Y-O MAIDEN CONDITION RACE *1. #7 UNIVERSAL BOSS DCardenas 55.0 $71.00 $50.00 2. #5 ROJORN DI PILOT OWalker 47.0 1-1/2L $50.00 3. #4 ROY ROGERS RSmith4 51.0 3L $50.00 4. #1 JUST TRICK ME WHenry 55.0 2-1/2L Final Time : 1:00.3 Splits : 23.0, 46.2 Winner : 2yo b colt – CASUAL TRICK – ELECTRIFYING Trainer : ANTHONY NUNES Owner : ELIAS HALOUTE & STEPHAN NARINESINGH Bred by ELIAS HALOUTE Qu: $68.00 Ex: $114.00 D/E: $200.00 Tri: $80.00 Rolling Triple: $732.00 Race 6 1200 M (Purse $870,000) NB3-Y-O MAIDEN CONDITION RACE – FILLIES PATRICK LYNCH 1. #1 FRIENDLY NEIGHBOUR DCardenas 50.5 $215.00 $78.00 *2. #6 KEY WITNESS CMamdeen3 52.0 1-3/4L $64.00 3. #8 BEST ADVICE SEllis 55.0 3/4L $74.00 4. #5 ASHTRID DDawkins 52.0 1/2L 5. #7 ACAPELLA OWalker 52.5 9L Final Time : 1:16.0 Splits : 23.0, 47.1 Winner : 3yo dkb filly – BRIDLED QUEST – GOOD CITIZEN Trainer: CARL ANDERSON Owner : CARL ANDERSON Bred by CARL ANDERSON Qu: $297.00 Ex: $739.00 D/E : $228.00 Tri: $522.00 Superfecta: $940.00 Hi-5 : (1-6-8-5-7) $1,698.00 Rolling Triple: $1,109.00 Pick-4 : $3,028.00 Single Winner Bonus : $3,538,241.72 Super-6: $5,069.00 UNITED RACEHORSE TRAINERS’ ASSOCIATION TROPHY Race 7 1820 M (Purse $930,000) IMP3YO&UP(NW3&MDN)&NB3YO-REST. STAKES 1. #8 ANNA LISA JBarrett4 46.0 $175.00 $88.00 2. #1 AZARIA CMamdeen3 49.0 1-1/4L $175.00 3. #5 JACKO LINKS DSatchell4 49.5 3-1/4L $345.00 *4. #7 GRAYDON RHalledeen 55.5 2-1/2L Final Time : 1:56.2 Splits : 26.4, 51.0, 1:14.3, 1:40.3 Winner : 3yo b filly – ADORE THE GOLD – ANNA Trainer : GARY SUBRATIE Owner : S.A.S. SYNDICATE Bred by. STAFFORD SUBRATIE Qu: $627.00 Ex: $830.00 D/E: $610.00 Tri: $18,144.00 Superfecta: $52,189.00 Rolling Triple: $913.00 Race 8 1000 M (S) (Purse $870,000) NB3-Y-O MAIDEN CONDITION RACE ANTHONY ‘BABA’ NUNES 1. #12 DONALD TROG MBennett4 50.0 $273.00 $119.00 *2. #7 SACRIFICE KMcGregor4 52.0 1-1/4L $77.00 3. #13 DANCEALLNIGHT JPatterson 53.0 1-1/4L $140.00 4. #9 LAZER LIGHT SMuir 54.0 2-1/4L 5. #4 T’CHALLA AntThomas 54.0 2-1/4L Late scratch : #3 MRS. KIM, #5 BREXIT, #6 QUORA, #8 BLU ATTITUDE Final Time : 1:00.1 Splits : 22.4, 46.0 Winner : 3yo dkb colt – TRADITIONAL – BACK AT YOU Trainer : JOHNNY WILMOT Owner : MICHAEL WRAY Bred by MICHAEL WRAY Qu: $774.00 Ex: $1,580.00 D/E: $727.00 (8-3) $107.00 Tri: $3,260.00 Superfecta: $4,696.00 Hi-5: $6,369.00 Rolling Triple: $3,056.00 Race 9 1500 M (Purse $900,000) NB3YO(NW2)/IMP3YO&UP(MDN)-REST. ALL. II HARRY PARSARD 1. #7 BAD BOY TRUMP SEllis 54.0 $109.00 $50.00 *2. #9 BRANDY AntThomas 52.0 1-1/2L $50.00 3. #13 LUMINOUS POWER RLewis4 49.5 11L $50.00 4. #10 DEZZY THE GENIUS DaneNelson 52.5 1-1/2L 5. #2 IT’S A RAP DCardenas 52.0 1-1/4L Late scratch : #1 ELAL Final Time : 1:33.0 Splits : 23.4, 46.4, 1:12.1 Winner : 3yo ch colt – BLUE PEPSI LODGE – TURBINIA Trainer : EVERAL FRANCIS Owner : NORRIS PHINN Bred by NORRIS PHINN Qu: $78.00 Ex: $160.00 D/E: $622.00 (12-1) $223.00 Tri: $126.00 Superfecta: $342.00 Hi-5 : (7-9-13-10-2) $606.00 Rolling Triple: $5,831.00 Race 10 1400 M (Purse $650,000) NB4-Y-O & UP RESTRICTED ALLOWANCE IV(NW3) LOUIS RICHARDS *1. #9 NIGHT LIGHT DaneNelson 56.0 $125.00 $66.00 2. #16 TEN CARATS BBell 52.0 1/2L $106.00 3. #15 AURELIA’S SUMMER SMuir 54.0 4L $508.00 4. #4 UNCLE FREDDIE KMcGregor4 51.0 1L 4. #7 AGNES T DDawkins 52.0 6L 5. #13 MISS JUDY JInnis 50.0 22/1 11/4 Late scratch : #6 METICULOUS Final Time : 1:27.1 Splits : 23.4, 46.4, 1:12.3 Winner : 4yo b colt – TRACKING – ORPHAN SONG Trainer : GARY GRIFFITHS Owner : JJTASH Bred by GARY GRIFFITHS Qu: $471.00 Ex: $957.00 D/E: $317.00 Tri: $7,929.00 Superfecta : Carry over: $79,565.20 Hi-5 : Carry over: $108,447.30 Rolling Triple: $2,892.00 Pick-4: $11,056.00 Single Winner Bonus: $3,706,854.97 Pick-5: $19,231.00 Single Winner Bonus: $56,267.25 Super-6: $23,818.00 (6/6) Pick-9: $69,740.00 (9/9) Placepot8: $453.00 (8/8) Single Winner Bonus: $1,402,270.95
LETTERMACAWARD NOTESCommunity Sports Fest 50+ The Community Sports Fest 50+ will take place in St Bridgid’s hall, Leitir and outside on 14th July starting at 10.30am We invite you to join us for this event to try out a variety of activities, lead by excellent tutors from Donegal Sports. Costs for the day are €10 including light refreshments. The numbers of participants are limited. Please contact Angela on 086 373 7502.LOCAL NEWS: LETTERMACAWARD NOTES was last modified: July 14th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:LOCAL NEWS: LETTERMACAWARD NOTES
Winston Reid says West Ham are beginning to be more comfortable at their new home 1 Winston Reid insists it is time for people to stop blaming West Ham’s new stadium for their poor form and the players should start looking at the positive side of their new home.A 5-1 defeat by Arsenal has left West Ham facing a Christmas relegation battle having won only three Premier League matches in the former London 2012 Olympic arena.But no-nonsense defender Reid believes leaving their old Upton Park home will turn out to be a positive move for all concerned with the club.He said: “I think it feels like home now. It is different to what I was used to playing at for the last six years, where everything was tight at Upton Park, and even when things weren’t going for you in games, if you made a tackle you could feel the crowd get behind you.“The atmosphere is a bit different at this stadium. Because it is so big it has just taken time to get used to. I certainly do not think it is an excuse as we played [and won] against Chelsea (in the EFL Cup) and everything was fine.“It was just the way we started the season at home. We weren’t the team we were last year and the fans didn’t have as much to get excited about. At the end of the day it’s really only us on the pitch who can do something about it, and get the fans behind you and supporting you.”The New Zealand international told the match day programme: “Now we definitely need to address our home form. It’s an amazing venue, it’s a massive stadium and I’m sure it will bring us success in years to come.”
THOUSAND OAKS – Sheriff’s deputies and firefighters joined other residents this week to kick off a fundraising effort to help a Simi Valley family faced with a loss in medical insurance to help take care of their premature baby. Sheriff Bob Brooks was among those on hand to support the effort and meet 15-month-old Ashlyn Bonebright at Dave’s Flying Tamales in Thousand Oaks, which is donating 20 percent of its profits through Aug. 6 to help Ashlyn. She was born 13 weeks premature at UCLA Medical Center and is now living at home in Simi Valley with her parents, Christine and David Bonebright, a Ventura County sheriff’s deputy who patrols Thousand Oaks. Ashlyn is still having trouble breathing and is blind, and the Bonebrights are facing the expiration of the in-home nursing care component of their medical coverage. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2“We want to help the family,” said Nick Cruz, the co-owner of Dave’s Flying Tamales. “This is a great cause.”
ST NAUL’S joint captain Gavin Mulreany says the pain of the last two final defeats helped inspire St Naul’s to the U21 ‘B’ title this afternoon.After successive losses to Sean MacCumhaills and Milford, St Naul’s put Termon to the sword today to capture a first piece of U21 silverware in 20 years.“Last year hurt the most,” Mulreany reflected after their 0-14 to 1-7 win. “We were five up with two minutes to go. This was our third and we knew we came in with the attitude right today.“Last year, we feel that it slipped away from us, but we played well for the whole game today“We had very little wides. Our backline was very good. We conceded 1-7…eight scores is all we conceded and you have to say that’s brilliant.”Mulreany kicked five points while his joint captain Peadar Mogan landed eight points. Mulreany said: “From the word go today, Peadar was unreal. He’s different gravy. He is probably one of the best players in this age group and he carried us today. Some of his points were unbelievable.”Today’s win caps off a superb year for St Naul’s, who also won the Intermediate Championship.Mulreany added: “The seniors doing well had a big knock-on effect. Players coming in will want to get involved and it’s great to see those boys coming in now. They’ll get a taste of winning and bring that on into senior football.”Listen to the full interview below …Listen: Gavin Mulreany savours St Naul’s U21 crown was last modified: November 23rd, 2019 by Chris McNultyShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Gavin MulreanyPeadar MoganSt.NaulsTermon
SHOPPERS are out in their thousands this evening – bringing traffic tailbacks in Letterkenny, Ballybofey and Donegal Town.After a miserable Christmas hit by the weather, it seems that everyone with any money left is out and about today spending it.In Ballybofey, McElhinneys Department store saw a brace of bargain hunters. But it was in Letterkenny where most people seemed to be shopping.There were queues into and out of the car parks around the town, particularly around Main Street and the Retail Park.And those weren’t the only queues – shoppers queued at the fitting rooms in fashion stores like Tempest where people were taking advantage of half price bargains.The sales boost could not have come at a better time for local businesses. BREAKING NEWS: MASSIVE TRAFFIC DISRUPTION AS SALES GIVE BOOST TO RETAILERS was last modified: December 28th, 2010 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Share This!The Dolphin at Walt Disney WorldWelcome back to TouringPlansTV!Ever heard of the Walt Disney World Swan and Dolphin Hotels? Well, you’re about to!To find out more about the theme, rooms, transportation and pools, click below.For more videos like these, subscribe to our YouTube page here!
University of the People president (UoPeople) and founder, Shai Reshef, is in South Africa to offer at least 100 deserving high school students scholarships to the university. President Shai Reshef in Haiti. So far, students from 138 countries have been accepted into the university, with 1 000 more expected from Africa in 2014. Classes are held online, and are small, with just 20-30 students per class.(Images: Shai Reshef)MEDIA CONTACTS• Kirsty Thompson Integrate Marketing CommunicationsWatt Communications+27 11 425 6290RELATED ARTICLES• Education in South Africa • Zuma: South Africa to meet 2015 education goal • South Africa prioritises quality education • Unisa stands proud at 140 years • South Africa’s mother tongue education challengeMelissa Jane CookUniversity of the People president (UoPeople) and founder, Shai Reshef, is in South Africa to offer at least 100 deserving high school students scholarships to the university.The University of the People is a non-profit, tuition-free, online university that provides tertiary education to qualified high school graduates.Reshef says, “University is expensive and there are a lot of factors that can deny an individual access, including financial, geographic, societal, or personal constraints.”Earlier this year, UoPeople announced a drive to expand its footprint by reaching out to African students.Commemorating International Youth Day on August 12, Microsoft announced that the university would be its first implementing partner for its 4Afrika scholarship programme, which, in addition to providing funds for students at UoPeople, will provide mentorship, leadership and technical training, certification, and employment opportunities for at least 1 000 promising African students.Microsoft employees will mentor students, who can expect internships and job opportunities within the company and its more than 10 000 partners across Africa.“We are also seeking out other corporations that may take up the challenge to sponsor more students in Africa and we anticipate that South Africa will be a major source country for our scholarship programmes,” said Reshef.So far, students from 138 countries have been accepted into the university, with 1 000 more expected from Africa in 2014. Classes are held online, and are small, with just 20-30 students per class.Reshef says, “University of the People is opening its doors to South African students and is engaging with many other corporates and funding institutions to implement similar programmes, which will level the playing field for talented young African minds who might not otherwise have the resources, enabling them to have access to education and skills for accelerated economic development in Africa.”Education to change the worldFounded in 2009, UoPeople has partnered with several corporates, and educational institutions such as Yale University for research, and New York University, to accept students. The university works with Microsoft on scholarships and has access to its certificate programmes, mentoring, internships and employment opportunities; and with Hewlett-Packard (HP) for general support, scholarships for women, and internships.Reshef admits there “are not enough women in these programmes. Only about 25% are women and in sub-Saharan Africa, only about 10%. HP and Microsoft are very supportive of women joining the online programmes”.The organisation has gained widespread support from leading academics with its President’s Council chaired by New York University President John Sexton and including Oxford Vice-Chancellor Sir Colin Lucas; rector emeritus of the Academy of Paris, Michèle Gendreau-Massaloux; and Berkeley Chancellor Nicholas Dirks, among others. The university is also supported by The Gates Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, the Hewlett Foundation and companies such as Google, Western Union and Estée Lauder. Its page on social networking site Facebook has more than a million supporters.“Increasing access to post-secondary education in Africa will create a significant impact on the African youth. By empowering them to be the future generation leaders of their communities, countries and the continent, equipped with world-class education, we believe they will be able to take Africa to its rightful place on the world stage” says Reshef.Named a top 100 Global Thinker of 2012 by Foreign Policy magazine, Reshef has 20 years’ experience in education entrepreneurship. He has been named one of business magazine Fast Company’s 100 Most Creative People in Business, joined the United Nations’s information technology development department as a high-level advisor, was selected by the Huffington Post readership as an Ultimate Game Changer in Education, and nominated as one of technology magazine Wired’s 50 People Changing the World.Reshef says: “I want to impact the world through education. If you educate one individual you can change a life; if you educate many you can change the world.”Reshef says that by 2025 more than one million people will be deprived of education as there are not enough facilities, and no place for prospective candidates, but that everything needed to make higher learning accessible is available on the internet; “There is no better invention than online studying – the ability to enable people and offer education for all.“There is no discrimination at this university, there is room for everyone. It’s a viable option that can suit many that are unable to be on a tertiary campus.”
Geoffrey Beach, assistant professor of materials science and engineering at MIT, and graduate students Uwe Bauer and Satoru Emori, recently reported discoveries in the area of magnetism that have significant implications for magnetic storage.Beach’s team discovered a method for switching magnetic states by applying a voltage. The method does not need a magnetic field and requires far less power compared to existing techniques. It also has the added benefit that once the state is set, it is stably stored, requiring no power except during reads and writes. Beach said that “for hundreds of years, if you had a magnetic material and you wanted to change the direction in which the material was magnetized, you needed another magnet.”Professor Beach told Network World that “the idea is not to improve hard disks, but to replace them with magnetic solid-state devices. In a hard disk, bits are fixed in position on the surface of the disk, and individual bits are accessed by physically rotating the disk. If the bits are instead stored as a series of magnetic domains arranged along a magnetic nanowire, they can be moved by shifting the domains using an electrical current, without any mechanical motion.”Bauer commented that “the key ingredients of the system are very simple oxide materials.” The materials used by the MIT research team was gadolinium oxide, a material already commonly used in the manufacture of semiconductor capacitors.Beach’s team also have an explanation for a phenomenon in magnetism occasionally noticed previously, but had not been reproducible or explained. In certain circumstances the magnetic domains of a thin ferromagnetic film would flow in a direction exactly opposite of what is normally observed. Beach showed that the phenomenon could be attributed to the material on which the film is deposited. The effect that they noticed is called a chiral effect and hadn’t previously been demonstrated with magnetic materials. The behavior occurs “at room temperature and well above room temperature, and in devices that are ideally suited for integration into electronic devices.”MIT News quoted Dan Allwood, a materials physics researcher at the University of Sheffield not involved in this research, as saying that the new method “not only offers a novel technical path to control dynamic magnetization processes in patterned nanostructures, but in doing so also presents new physical processes in how voltage can influence magnetic behavior more generally. Understanding the detailed origins of these effects could allow the creation of simple, low-power information-technology devices.”
Europe’s paradox: Why increased scientific mobility has not led to more international collaborations
Charlie/flickr Countries within Western Europe are publishing a higher proportion of papers with foreign co-authors, partly because new talent immigrated from Eastern Europe and brought existing networks of international collaborators. Europe’s paradox: Why increased scientific mobility has not led to more international collaborations The Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. After Poland joined the European Union, its scientists published fewer papers with co-authors in other countries. A new analysis suggests that lowering barriers to scientific migration can, paradoxically, decrease international collaborations. When top researchers in Eastern Europe started joining high-power institutions in the West, the research suggests, their colleagues and students back home ended up with fewer cross-border connections. “I’m quite surprised how big the effect is,” says Paul Nightingale, a science policy expert at the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom who was not involved in the study. “These are worrying findings.”The analysis is based on a natural experiment. In 2004, the European Union expanded by adding 10 member states, including Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. This made it much easier for people in these countries to find work and live in Western Europe. By tapping a government database on intra-European job moves, Alexander Petersen, a computational social scientist at the University of California, Merced, and his colleagues were able to infer the impact of the union’s expansion on scientific mobility. The database records the international transfers of highly skilled workers, such as doctors and civil engineers, who need a professional certification in a new host country.It was easy to see the brain drain. Although most professionals hopped between neighboring countries, the percentage that left Eastern for Western Europe rose from 5% to 29% after 2005. Scientists aren’t in the database, because they don’t need government accreditation, but Petersen thinks the trend is likely the same. Other experts agree: “There is a lot of migration because of the high-quality infrastructure in universities in the West,” says Peter Tindemans, secretary-general of EuroScience, a membership association of European researchers, based in Strasbourg, France. “Scientists gravitate to the places where they can do the best science.” He says there is a similar pattern with European Research Council grants, which researchers can take along when they head to a new institution.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*) By Erik StokstadApr. 12, 2017 , 2:00 PM To find out what happens when a researcher packs up for a new country, Petersen and his colleagues dug into a database of millions of scientific papers published between 1996 and 2012, looking at affiliations of the authors as a proxy for international research collaborations. After 2004, the new member nations in the east experienced a drop in the proportion of papers published with international co-authors (see chart), the team reports in the current issue of Science Advances. In contrast, this ratio increased in the older member nations. (Here’s how the ratio was calculated: Papers were counted as an international publication in each country where a co-author was located. A paper with authors only from a single country was counted as a noninternational publication in that country.) In Poland, for example, the ratio of internationally co-authored papers fell from 33% in 2004 to 28% in 2011, whereas it rose from 28% to 43% in the United Kingdom. What likely happened is “rather intuitive,” the researchers write in their paper. When top scientists in Eastern Europe moved to institutions in Western Europe, they brought along their connections with scientists in other countries—say, a Hungarian molecular biologist with ongoing collaborations in France and Germany, who moves to the United Kingdom. “Good scientists tend to collaborate with other scientists abroad,” says co-author Fabio Pammolli, an economist at the Polytechnic University of Milan in Italy. “This is part of the increasing integration of science.” In addition, he notes, talented graduate students came to study in Western universities and built new contacts while working in internationally staffed labs. Meanwhile, their home countries had lost international connections.This migration and concentration of talent in research hubs is a natural part of scientific growth, the authors say. At the same time, they acknowledge that losing talent is bad for the home country. The tricky balance for policymakers is that the European Union wants its most gifted scientists to be able to chase opportunities and work in the best places, but it also wants equitable growth and development among its member nations—and having a strong science base is a proven part of economic development. “It’s one of these traditional European problems,” Tindemans says. “We will not find a clear answer.”The European Union has tried to level the economic playing field by providing billions of euros as so-called Structural Funds to its less developed member nations. In the beginning, many funds were not spent well, Tindemans says, and the European Commission has since pushed for better accounting and for more of the funds to be invested in science and innovation. “If you spend it wisely, you could do great things with that money,” Tindemans says, pointing to new high-power laser facilities in Eastern Europe that are being built largely with Structural Funds. But he says it will continue to be difficult for Eastern nations to compete with the advanced centers of research elsewhere. “It’s impossible that you will have the same high-quality research universities all over Europe. There are too few people and not enough money.” What is needed in the short term, the authors say, is more incentives for scientific talent to return to Eastern Europe after training and experience in the West. Petersen says the commission already has valuable programs that match scientists in Eastern Europe with Western institutions to build expertise, and fellowship programs for scientific mobility, such as the Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions, include a mandatory 1-year return period.